Before we get to them, though, let’s go back to the beginning. Mashed potatoes are really an eclectic mix of mash and potatoes that don’t just come from England. Chaukha is used in samosas in India and with Littee specially in Bihar. submitted through /u/Haugheyster [comments] The British government, for its part, offered little support to its Irish subjects. I assumed it was once a Japanese tackle an American meals. When instead combined with meat and other leftover vegetables, the fried dish is known as bubble and squeak. Cabbage’s omission from the Bible didn’t seem to hurt its popularity, and tulip cultivation, using bulbs instead of seeds, was happening at the same time. In Europe, potatoes grew leaves and flowers, which botanists readily studied, but the tubers they produced remained small even after months of growing. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Best Mashed Potato Recipes and Toppings - US Potato Board", National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mashed_potato&oldid=998319775, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:14. Mashed potatoes may be eaten with gravy, typically meat gravy, though vegetable gravy is becoming more common as the vegetarian and vegan trends see a rise in popularity. Soon after, modern instant mashed potatoes were born. The earliest archaeologically verified potato tuber remains have been found at the coastal site of Ancón (central Peru), dating to 2500 BC. In the United Kingdom, cold mashed potato can be mixed with fresh eggs and then fried until crisp to produce a potato cake. It all began on a reality show in the 1800's. Make a whole new side dish from the leftovers. One of the key developments was finding a way to dry the cooked potatoes much faster, minimizing the amount of cell rupture and therefore the pastiness of the end-product. But no country embraced the potato like Ireland. This is how new potato varieties come about, while the seed potatoes grown from tubers propagate into clones, the propagations from the tubers produced from seed will be new varieties. Experiments with industrial drying were gearing up in the late 1700s, with one 1802 letter to Thomas Jefferson discussing a new invention where you grated the potato and pressed all the juices out, and the resulting cake could be kept for years. Where Do Mashed Potatoes Come From? Around the beginning of the 20th century, a tool called a ricer started appearing in home kitchens. Why the Potato? It is generally served as a side dish to meat or vegetables. 0:32. Most authors recommend the use of "floury" potatoes, although "waxy" potatoes are sometimes used for a different texture. The spread of the potato mphillips007/iStock via Getty Images Plus. People in the Andes noticed this and started dunking their potatoes in a mixture of clay and water—not the most appetizing gravy, perhaps, but an ingenious solution to their potato problem. In fact, they were pretty tasty. This development spurred more research into plant genetics, and was part of a broader scientific movement that included Gregor Mendel’s groundbreaking work with garden peas. [1] Her recipe mashed them in a saucepan with milk, salt, and butter. His was just one of many endeavors. Smith, A. The Irish Potato Famine killed a million people, or an eighth of the country’s population. Despite the fact that it's an essential ingredient in pizza and pasta, the tomato They look like green cherry-tomatoes, and are very poisonous but they contain a lot of seeds. By the time Spanish explorers brought the first potatoes to Europe from South America in the 16th century, they had been bred into a fully edible plant. London: Reaktion Books. Of all the Indian people in the Americas who ate potatoes, the Incas seemed to prefer theirs mashed. During the Seven Years War of the mid-1700s, a French army pharmacist named Antoine-Augustin Parmentier was captured by Prussian soldiers. Potatoes dating to about 2000 BC have been found at Huaynuma, in the Casma Valley of Peru, and early potatoes dating to 800-500 BC were also uncovered at the Altiplano site of Chiripa on the east side of Lake Titicaca. (2011) Potato: A Global History. Instant mashed potatoes were first created in the 1950's and are prepared by hydrating the with milk and margarine or butter. They were also slightly poisonous. Pomme purée (potato puree) uses considerably more butter than normal mashed potato - up to one part butter for every two parts potato. By 1772, France had lifted its potato ban. Mashed potatoes can be reconstituted from potato flour, but the process is made more difficult by lumping; a key characteristic of instant mashed potatoes is that it is in the form of flakes or granules, eliminating the chunkiness.Analogous to instant mashed potatoes are instant poi made from taro and instant fufu made from yams or yam substitutes including cereals. Dating back to at least the time of the Incas, chuño is essentially a freeze-dried potato created through a combination of manual labor and environmental conditions. They were becoming increasingly common, but not without controversy. Mashed Potato Cakes are an economical way to use up leftover mashed potatoes. Due to the mushy texture, they added butter to the mix and voila!, Mashed potatoes. The history of the tomato is mired in rumor, hearsay and speculation, but one thing is certain: Everybody's favorite red fruit (yes, it's a fruit) didn't originate in Italy. The Mashed Potato is a rhythm and blues song that became a popular dance craze in 1962. To reheat a pot of mashed potatoes, fill a larger pot partway with water, bring to a simmer and insert the potato pot. Those frozen potatoes, which were collected in the early spring, were then soaked, mashed, and formed into balls which would be cooked over a fire or hearth. One French variation adds egg yolk for pommes duchesse or Duchess potatoes; piped through a pastry tube into wavy ribbons and rosettes, brushed with butter and lightly browned. If mashed potato pedants have opinions about ricers, they’ll definitely have something to say about this next development. Farmers remove the potatoes from underground. Mash. If you're making a dish as important as mashed potatoes for the holidays, you'll definitely want to get them right. As time went on, concerns about potatoes causing leprosy severely damaged their reputation. Where did potatoes originally come from? Mashed potatoes and gravy are an integral and symbolic dish of southern United States cuisine. These early potatoes were very different from the potatoes we know today. It some thining out of the box, but one contestant created butter from milk, and boiled the potato in the left over whey. In mid-18th century France, this would practically qualify as cruel and unusual punishment: potatoes were thought of as feed for livestock, and they were believed to cause leprosy in humans. Following his release at the end of the war, the pharmacist began to proselytize to his countrymen about the wonders of the tuber. Particularly runny mashed potatoes are called mousseline potatoes. Instant mashed potatoes are a marvel of food science, but they’re not the only use scientists found for these new potato flakes. Modern mashed potatoes, which incorporate butter, cream, and other dairy products, first appeared in print in the mid-to-late eighteenth century in “The Art of Cookery” by Hannah Glasse. Soil, of course, also plays a big role. It’s worth pointing out that this was far from the first time potatoes had been dehydrated. Similarly, we might associate potatoes with Ireland, but they show up in the cuisines of many countries. They also come from the places they colonized. Greenhouse Effect Basic Skill Mashed Potatoes controls his greenhouse ball to strike an enemy, restoring 29 (377) HP per second to all allies, lasting 3s, while also lowering the attack speed of the highest-ATK enemy unit by 25% and silencing that unit, lasting 3s. The story of mashed potatoes takes 10,000 years and traverses the mountains of Peru and the Irish countryside; it features cameos from Thomas Jefferson and a food scientist who helped invent a ubiquitous snack food. Mashed potatoes definition: potatoes that have been boiled and then crushed into a soft pulpy mass | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [citation needed], A potato masher can be used to mash the potatoes. They came in a variety of shapes and sizes and had a bitter taste that no amount of cooking could get rid of. Freezing the potatoes made them sweeter, so this dish, called pene emo, was often enjoyed as a treat by children. 1890 The Great State of Idaho. [10], In India mashed potatoes made with spices, fried or not, are called Chaukha. The Idaho® Russet is actually a relative of a variety originally found on the slopes of the Peruvian Andes – a place that turns out to be a lot like the area in Eastern Idaho. The origin of potatoes is as amazing as the potato itself. Dehydrated and frozen mashed potatoes are available in many supermarkets. One way he did this was by demonstrating all the delicious ways it could be served, including mashed. Mashed potato can be an ingredient of various other dishes, including shepherd's and cottage pie, pierogi, colcannon, dumplings, potato pancakes, potato croquettes and gnocchi. My friend Maryann’s grandma also re-purposed her mashed potatoes but she used them in a potato salad! Mashed potato (British English) or mashed potatoes (American English and Canadian English), colloquially known as mash (British English),[2] is a dish of mashing boiled potatoes, usually with added milk, butter, salt and pepper. Mashed Potato Genre Rock and roll Era 1950s Music R&B Dancers James Brown The Mashed Potato is a dance move which was a popular dance craze of 1962. Then, the potatoes are sold in stores and at farmer's markets. I know potatoes originally came from indians, where did rutabagas come from? Also referred to as "mash potato" or "mashed potatoes", the move vaguely resembles that of the Twist, by Sharp's fellow Philadelphian, Chubby Checker. One unexpected legacy of the Potato Famine was an explosion in agricultural science. Includes history and and production information. The native people grew potatoes in the high plateaus and the Andes Mountains because it was too cold to grow wheat or corn there. Aside from these remains, the potato is also found in the Peruvian archaeological record as a design influence of ceramic pottery, often in the shape of vessels. Decades later, Rudolph's son, Carver, along with the help of a historian, attempted to track down the original recipe, and the two ultimately discovered that it consisted of "a cream of fluffed egg whites, mashed potatoes, sugar, shortening and skim milk that was chilled and mixed with flour and then fried and covered in glaze." Modern potato historians debate these points, though. Sadly, the potatoes had a tendency to turn into purple, astringent-tasting cakes. Centuries later, you can order mashed potatoes in dozens of countries, in restaurants ranging from fast food to fine dining. In her 18th-century recipe book The Art of Cookery, English author Hannah Glasse instructed readers to boil potatoes, peel them, put them into a saucepan, and mash them well with milk, butter, and a little salt. The potato, from the perennial Solanum tuberosum, is the world’s fourth largest food crop, following rice, wheat, and maize.. It was once thought that potatoes were domesticated in separate locations in the Americas because they grow wild from the United States to Uruguay. Aloo Bharta, an Indian sub-continent variation, uses chopped onions, mustard (oil, paste or seeds), chili pepper, coriander leaves and other spices. Idaho is admitted to the … They were given a potato and a cow and asked to create a new food. Miles Willard, one of the ERRC researchers, went on to work in the private sector, where his work helped contribute to new types of snacks using reconstituted potato flakes—including Pringles. - Duration: 0:32. [4], Butter, milk or cream, salt, and pepper are usually added. For other uses, see, A small plate with a serving of mashed potatoes. Yukon Gold potatoes contain a medium level of starch and relatively low moisture, but with a thinner skin and a naturally creamier texture. Mashed potato is a dish prepared by mashing boiled potatoes. St. Patrick’s Day may have its roots in Ireland, but it is celebrated all over the world. A brief history of mashed potatoes. https://www.delish.com/.../recipes/a50630/perfect-mashed-potatoes-recipe Luther Burbank develops the first “Burbank Russet” potato that eventually finds its home in Idaho. In this way, it’s really an 18th century meal, only made possible by globalization and colonization. There are clear references to people in the Scottish Highlands disliking that potatoes weren’t mentioned in the Bible, and customs like planting potatoes on Good Friday and sometimes sprinkling them with holy water suggest some kind of fraught relationship to potato consumption. Peru in South America, more specifically. But the miracle crop came with a major flaw: It’s susceptible to disease, particularly potato late blight, or Phytophtora infestans. A handful of potato advocates, including Parmentier, were able to turn the potato's image around. There is evidence of the potato being eaten as early as between 8000 and 5000 B.C. The hardy, nutrient-dense food seemed tailor-made for the island’s harsh winters. This particular problem began to be remedied when the Spanish started growing potatoes on the Canary Islands, which functioned as a sort of middle ground between equatorial South America and more northerly European climes. 4. And wars between England and Ireland likely accelerated its adaptation there; since the important part grows underground, it had a better chance of surviving military activity. To combat this toxicity, wild relatives of the llama would lick clay before eating them. All well and good. USDA horticulturalist David Spooner found that modern potatoes — the ones we know and love — came from a combination of Andean and Chilean potato ancestors, according to Science Magazine. Irish people also liked their potatoes mashed, often with cabbage or kale in a dish known as colcannon. Dehydrated instant mashed potatoes and frozen mashed potatoes are available. Many other seasonings may also be used, including herbs (notably parsley and chives), spices (notably nutmeg), garlic, cheese, bacon, sour cream, crisp onion or spring onion, caramelized onion, and mustard.[5]. In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. Drain and steam: Once they are fork tender, drain water completely from the pot and leave potatoes in the pot, covered with a lid, for about 10 minutes. Use a masher or potato ricer instead, and remember, a few lumps prove that your potatoes didn't come from a box. [7], Mashed potato can be served as a side dish, and is often served with sausages in the British Isles, where they are known as bangers and mash. MASH (măsh) abbr. These potatoes are still grown today but don't usually make it very far outside their native region. Bob Evans Farms 6,634 views. Mashing your potatoes into oblivion releases gelatinized starches from the plant cells that glom together to form a paste-like consistency. This dish is thought to have originated in Cornwall and is a popular breakfast item. These potato flakes fit perfectly into the rise of so-called convenience foods at the time, and helped potato consumption rebound in the 1960s after a decline in prior years. When the microorganism invaded Ireland in the 1840s, farmers lost their livelihoods and many families lost their primary food source. Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. [3][6] In low-calorie or non-dairy variations, milk, cream and butter may be replaced by soup stock or broth. Season: Add butter, milk, sour cream and seasonings. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. Mashed potato can be an ingredient of various other dishes, including shepherd's and cottage pie, pierogi, colcannon, dumplings, potato pancakes, potato croquettes and gnocchi. Some purists argue that mashed potatoes made this way aren’t really mashed at all—they’re riced—but let's not let pedantry get in the way of delicious carbohydrates. It’s a metal contraption that resembles an oversized garlic press, and it has nothing to do with making rice. Russets, also called Idaho or baker potatoes, make the fluffiest mashed potatoes.The high starch content and low moisture result in a drier texture and lighter mash. It was danced to songs such as Dee Dee Sharp's "Mashed Potato Time". A mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl. Our high altitude yields lots of warm sunny days that turn into cool evenings. These are incredibly easy to make ahead: Just cook, mash and refrigerate, then microwave on high, stirring every 30 seconds until heated through. Chiefly British Mashed potatoes. It’s worth pointing out, though, that there is some evidence for the cultural concerns mentioned earlier. Mashed potato cakes and salmon patties are two that I’m … Use One Kind of Potato You want a 50/50 mix of waxy potatoes, such as Yukon Gold, and starchy potatoes, such as Russet and Idaho. It may have just been a horticultural problem. Recipes started appearing no later than 1747 with an entry in The Art of Cookery by Hannah Glasse. "Mashed Potato Time" had a very heavy bass sound for a record of that time & it did sound similar to the Marvelettes' hit "Please Mr. However, recent evidence has shown that the potato originated from the region of southern Peru. Postman." The dictionary definition of mashed potato at Wiktionary, dish prepared with mashed, boiled, and peeled potatoes, This article is about the food. When rehydrated it was “like mashed potatoes” according to the letter. Interest in instant mashed potatoes resumed during the Second World War period, but those versions were a soggy mush or took forever. Potatoes originally came from the Andes mountains of South America.They were introduced into Europe by Spanish explorers in … Potatoes aren’t native to Ireland—or anywhere in Europe, for that matter. But as Parmentier discovered in prison, potatoes weren’t deadly. There are a few recipes in this world that are highly reliant on good seasoning. Made famous by the James Brown’s song “(Do the) Mashed Potatoes” in 1959, it was released as a two-part single in 1960. It is most likely that it originated in this region. The Incas gave it to soldiers and used it to guard against crop shortages. Starch absorbs butter and cream while giving the potatoes … Where do potatoes come from? The toxins in the potatoes would stick to the clay particles, allowing the animals to consume them safely. With a ricer, you don’t need to abuse your potatoes to get a smooth, lump-free texture. As a prisoner of war, he was forced to live on rations of potatoes. 5. This allows them to steam and dry, which helps us achieve a fluffy texture when they’re mashed. Make Ahead Mashed Potatoes - Mascarpone Mashed Potatoes Recipe - Duration: 5:13. They were most likely domesticated in the Andes mountains of Peru and northwest Bolivia, where they were being used for food at least as far back as 8000 BCE. 3. When the potatoes are only roughly mashed, they are sometimes called smashed potatoes. It wasn’t until the ERRC’s innovations in the 1950s that a palatable dried mashed potato could be produced. https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/627023/mashed-potatoes-history Warm the mashed potatoes until heated through, stirring occasionally. Charles Darwin became intrigued by the problem of potato blight on a humanitarian and scientific level; he even personally funded a potato breeding program in Ireland. If you’ve ever tasted “gluey” mashed potatoes, over-mashing was likely the culprit. It is estimated that they were first domesticated between 8000 BC and 5000 BC. A coworker was once announcing that they’re at the start Spanish, together with a whole lot of components contained inside the croquette aggregate. Mobile Army Surgical Hospital mash (măsh) n. 1. [8], Media related to Mashed potatoes at Wikimedia Commons A soft pulpy mixture or mass. In the 1950s, researchers at what is today called the Eastern Regional Research Center, a United States Department of Agriculture facility outside of Philadelphia, developed a new method for dehydrating potatoes that led to potato flakes that could be quickly rehydrated at home. Potatoes were more than just a staple food there; they became part of the Irish identity. [9] A potato ricer produces a uniform, lump-free, mash. Mashed potatoes come from the underground roots of plants. When cooked potatoes get squeezed through the tiny holes in the bottom of the press, they’re transformed into fine, rice-sized pieces. Mashed potatoes definition is - potatoes that have been boiled and then made into a soft mass by crushing and beating. Mashed potatoes come from the underground roots of plants. The fear was so widespread that the French passed a law against them in 1748. The process is a lot less cumbersome than using an old-fashioned masher, and it yields more appetizing results. Use a potato masher to mash the big potato pieces, and then use an electric mixer … Particularly runny mashed potatoes are called mousseline potatoes.[8]. Even today, when selective breeding has made most potato varieties safe to eat, some poisonous varieties can still be bought in Andean markets, where they're sold alongside digestion-aiding clay dust. You’ve already made those delicious mashed potatoes, so don’t let the leftovers go to waste. T… 2. Potatoes originally come from South America, particularly Bolivia and Peru. Industrial cooking of mashed potatoes in a steam-jacketed combi kettle, A plate of sausage and mashed potatoes, with cabbage and onion gravy, commonly known as "bangers and mash", Close-up view of mashed potatoes with butter and chives, An early recipe is found in Hannah Glasse's The Art of Cookery, in 1747. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. The Oldest Recipe "Boil your Potatoes, peel them, and put them into a Sauce-pan, mash them well: To two pounds of Potatoes put a Pint of Milk, a little Salt, stir them well together, take care they don't stick to the Bottom, them take a quarter of a Pound of Butter, stir in and Ultimately, it was Rendle’s work on instant mashed potatoes that French’s licensed to produce in the U.S. in 1946—as its parent company at the time, the U.K.-based Reckitt and Coleman, also assisted in researching mashed potatoes at the time. Using potatoes that had survived the blight and new South American stock, European agriculturists were eventually able to breed healthy, resilient potato strains and rebuild the crop’s numbers. Mashed potatoes are an ingredient in other dishes, such as dumplings and gnocchi. The desirable texture of the Burbank Russet makes it a perfect candidate for America’s Favorite Mashed Potatoes. [3] The best-known floury varieties are King Edward, russet, golden wonder, and red rascal. In the United States, Mary Randolph published a recipe for mashed potatoes in her book, The Virginia Housewife, that called for half an ounce of butter and a tablespoon of milk for a pound of potatoes. Ultimately, it was Rendle’s work on instant mashed potatoes that French’s licensed to produce in the U.S. in 1946 — as its parent company at the time, the U.K.-based Reckitt and Coleman, also assisted in researching mashed potatoes at the time. Help. The South American climates potatoes thrived in were unlike those found in Europe, especially in terms of hours of daylight in a day. The have other uses as well as a food binder, coating and a thickener. Those methods provide the bedrock of the modern instant mashed potato mix. A mixture of malt or other ingredients with water, heated to convert starches into fermentable sugars for use in brewing or distilling. Then, the potatoes are sold in stores and at farmer's markets. This post was originally published in March, 2015. Farmers remove the potatoes from underground. Some sources say the actual recipe for mashed potatoes originated in 1771 when a French man named Antoine Parmentier held a competition on ways to make potatoes. Mashed potato can be served as a side dish, and is often served with sausages in the British Isles, where they are known as bangers and mash.